Healthcare costs are front and centre for Australians struggling with their day-to-day cost of living, but what’s to be done to ease the burden?
At a time when inflation is soaring, real wages are flat and the country is still managing its way out of the COVID pandemic, Australians are keenly aware of the pressure of the rising cost of living. Nearly every aspect of the family budget is being pushed to levels that make it hard to make ends meet. The recent consumer price index (CPI) figure of 5.1% means the cost of living increase is accelerating, touching 3.1% in Sydney, 2.5% in Melbourne and 4.1% in regional Australia for the 12 months to December 2021.
Healthcare costs sit in the top 5 of Australian household expenditure items: According to 2020 Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) data, it sat in fifth place at $71.1B behind rent/dwelling services ($228B), food ($112.5B), recreation & culture ($100.5B) and insurance/other financial services ($98.7B).
While healthcare funding by successive governments has almost continually drifted up, particularly important as we face an ageing population, both political parties made healthcare funding promises during the 2022 election campaign.
Each party also guaranteed a reduction in the cost of Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) prescriptions, with Labor slightly more generous in its offering. Now, with the election done and dusted, it remains to be seen whether the Labor Party will fulfil its promises and how. Regardless of each party’s election promises, the Australian Medical Association (AMA) and the Grattan Institute had a broader vision for how healthcare costs might be reigned in to help Australian struggling with the cost of living.
AMA President Dr Omar Khorshid sent the AMA’s election platform to both Scott Morrison, and Anthony Albanese in the hope of influencing their healthcare election policy proposals.
At the time of the release, Khorshid felt the AMA proposed sensible and targeted initiatives to help fix issues in the health system, saying that while the budget and budget reply had offered some indication of what funding might flow into health in the next government, “we’re yet to see meaningful commitments on primary care and any willingness at all from either party to rethink current funding arrangements which are failing our public hospitals.”
The AMA election platform didn’t provide measurable cost of living decreases most Australians can relate to, but its blue sky healthcare system reform would ultimately lead to better health outcomes and lower costs.
The Grattan Institute: 4 ways to reduce out-of-pocket healthcare costs
Prepared by renowned healthcare economist Stephen Duckett, Grattan Institute Associate Anika Stobart and Senior Associate Linda Lin, the comprehensive report identified gaps in current healthcare funding and those falling through them, most notably younger people, particularly younger women.
To alleviate this, the report can be distilled into four main policy changes.
1. Healthcare cost of medicines
The PBS has made many medications affordable, but Australians still spend nearly A$3 billion per year on PBS-listed prescriptions, which could be reduced if the prescription costs for people taking five or more medications for chronic conditions was lowered. The government could also extend the prescription durations for some medications and in doing so reduce the number of PBS co-payments people have to make to pharmacies.
2. Tests and scans
With Australians spending roughly A$400 million diagnostic services each year, frequently provided by large corporations, the federal government could fund these directly through a commercial tender instead, abolishing the out-of-pocket burden of standard services such as blood tests and scans.
3. Patient enrolment
Expanding the voluntary patient enrolment scheme where a patient enrols in a GP practice and nominates a GP to be their ‘usual doctor’ to people with two or more chronic conditions will help reduce healthcare costs for people with chronic conditions and also reduce inefficiencies in areas such as routine repeat prescriptions and routine renewal of specialist referrals.
4. Bulk billing
While the vast majority of health services outside of hospitals are bulk-billed, this is not the case for specialists and allied health, which are at 46% for specialists and 56% for allied health. Increasing the number of these kinds of health-care services provided free of charge, particularly in lower-income areas, will reduce healthcare costs for those who need it most.
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